Your Health

PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY

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PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY

Also called prostate gland enlargement — is a common condition as men get older. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems.

The cause is unclear,but the risk factors include *a family history,

*obesity,

*type 2 diabetes,

*not enough exercise, 

*erectile dysfunction.

*Medications like pseudoephedrine, anticholinergics, and calcium channel blockers may worsen symptoms.

The symptoms of prostatic hypertrophy are divided into;

*Storage

*voiding and

 *Symptoms which occur after urination.

   Storage symptoms include the need to urinate frequently, waking at night to urinate, urgency (compelling need to void that cannot be deferred), involuntary urination, including involuntary urination at night, or urge incontinence (urine leak following a strong sudden need to urinate).

   Voiding symptoms include urinary hesitancy (a delay between trying to urinate and the flow actually beginning), intermittency (not continuous), involuntary interruption of voiding, weak urinary stream, straining to void, a sensation of incomplete emptying, and uncontrollable leaking after the end of urination.

   The symptoms after urination may be accompanied by bladder pain or pain while urinating, called dysuria.

On this note we can therefor say the sign and symptoms of prostatic hypertrohy are:

*Abdominal pain

*A continuous feeling of a full bladder

 *Frequent urination

*Acute urinary retention (inability to urinate)

Pain during urination (dysuria)

*Problems starting urination (urinary hesitancy)

*Slow urine flow, starting and stopping (urinary intermittency)

*Nocturia.

*Increased risk of uninary tract infection.

Treatment options include;

*In those with mild symptoms weight loss, exercise, and decreasing caffeine intake is recommended.

*In those with more significant symptoms

*Medications may include Immunozin for men capsules,alpha blockers such as terazosin or 5α-reductase inhibitors such as finasteride.

*Surgical removal of part of the prostate may be carried out in those who do not improve with other measures.

Signed:Divine Tondo

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